This is not a recall - it's a warranty extension.
I'd say that's pretty unlikely since it would result in a decrease in fuel economy and there's no disclosure of or wavier for a fuel economy decrease like there was when Honda issued an update to address vibration in the 2015 CR-V. That update resulted in a 0.7 MPG fuel economy decrease and the customer had to sign a "customer information statement" before the update was performed.After discussing this with a couple of my engineer buddies we have determined that what most probably happen is once Honda checked your transmission and sees there isn’t any substantial damage they change the program forcing the engine to run faster which in turn puts the location of the belt in reference to the shelves in a different place so it now has a new area to wear around as opposed to where it used to wear hopefully lasting long enough to outlast the warranty basically a CYA for America Honda
The replacement transmissions are not new - they are remanufactured and have a different part number than the transmissions that failed.Is the new transmission the same as the previous transmission (with a clear design flaw)?
No - any part that is replaced under warranty is warranted for the remainder of the warranty or warranty extension. The warranty does not start over. If you have your HR-V's transmission replaced at 7 years or 150,000 miles and it fails the next day, that's on you.If it is the same transmission, does that mean the warranty is extended for another 7 years on the transmission?
Depending on the parts, you may still have a 12-36 month warranty on the items replaced. Your mileage will vary based on dealership policy and location.